All of Canada’s ten provinces and three territories including Yukon and Northwest Territories have their own immigration programs. These programs are based on agreements between the federal government and the province.
Each Province and Territory have their own immigration streams and immigration programs based on certain target groups like students, business people, skilled workers or semi skilled workers. The immigrants upon acceptance are issued a certificate called Provincial Nominee (PNP) Certificate. The person nominated by the province can then apply to the Federal government for Permanent Resident status.
The federal government conducts the standard security and medical checks before issuing the immigrant visa.
The provinces have now developed their own Express Entry systems. Some provinces make it conditional for their Express Entry candidates to have their Express Entry Profile in the Federal Express Entry Pool and have the Job seeker validation code. You might have to file a paper-based application (Non-Express Entry Stream) or by the online process through Express Entry depending upon the immigration stream of the province.
Candidates nominated under one of the provincial Express Entry streams will receive an automatic 600 points under the Federal Express Entry system, therefore, making it guaranteed to issue an Invitation to Apply (ITA) under the Express Entry system. The candidate then can become permanent resident of Canada within 6 months.
The provinces will continue to process separate provincial nominee “streams” outside of the Express Entry system. These streams will often provide opportunities to people who do not qualify under the federal system. For instance, the provincial programs may accept lesser skilled occupations, or may accept lower language test results.