Express Entry is Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada’s (IRCC’s) system for managing the intake of economic immigration applications for the following classes:
- Federal skilled worker class (FSWC);
- Federal skilled trades class (FSTC);
- Canadian experience class (CEC); and
- a portion of the provincial nominee class (PNC).
You can not apply directly to the above programs. Foreign nationals must receive an Invitation to Apply (ITA) from IRCC before they may apply to the above programs. IRCC aims to process 80% of complete Express Entry applications in six months or less.
Applicants submit an online profile to the Express Entry Pool. Once a profile is uploaded, applicants are ranked under various factors to determine their score under the Comprehensive Ranking System (CRS). Profiles will remain in the pool for up to 12-months.
Canadian employers and provincial governments across Canada access the best candidates who are invited by the Federal government to apply for Canadian permanent residence under one or more of the three federal immigration programs managed through Express Entry (i.e., FSWC, FSTC and CEC). Once an invitation has been issued, the applicant will have 60 days to submit a complete application to IRCC which aim to process completed applications within 6 months.
In addition, before creating an Express Entry profile, candidates must
- take a designated language test;
- have their educational credentials assessed by a designated organization against Canadian standards (if educated outside of Canada); and
- find out whether their work experience falls within a qualifying skill type as per the Government of Canada’s job classification system (National Occupational Classification).